Women’s Health Data: Sexual and reproductive health

Sexual and reproductive health covers a range of issues for women such as safe sex and contraception, unplanned pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections. Australian women are having fewer babies and at a later age than they were forty years ago, and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women are giving birth at a slightly younger age than non-Indigenous women. Young women are more vulnerable than older women to unsafe or unwanted sex and they are the predominant users of emergency contraception.

Need data on a different topic? Check out our Women's Health Data archive.

Key statistics

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women

Women from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds

Women with disabilities

Same-sex attracted women

Young women


  1. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Births, Australia, 2011. Cat. No. 3301.0. Canberra: ABS: 2012. [cited 11 September 2013]. Available from: http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/Lookup/3301.0Main+Features12011?OpenDocument.
  2. Laws PJ, Li Z & Sullivan EA. Australia’s mothers and babies 2008. Perinatal statistics series no. 24. Cat. no. PER 50. Canberra: AIHW [cited 18 September 2013] Available from: : http://www.aihw.gov.au/publication-detail/?id=6442472399.
  3. Macaldowie A, Wang YA, Chambers GM, & Sullivan EA. Assisted reproductive technology in Australia and New Zealand 2010. Assisted reproduction technology series no. 15.Cat. no. PER 55. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2012 [cited 2 October 2013] Available from: http://www.aihw.gov.au/publication-detail/?id=10737420465.
  4. Victorian Department of Health. Victorian Infectious Diseases Bulletin. Volume 13, Issue 2; 2010 [cited 15 October 2013]. Available from: http://www.health.vic.gov.au/ideas/surveillance/vidb .
  5. Mazza D, Harrison C, Taft A, et al. Current contraceptive management in general practice: an analysis of BEACH data. The Medical Journal of Australia 2012;197:110–4.
  6. Marie Stopes International. What women want: when faced with unplanned pregnancy. Melbourne: 2007 [cited 6 November 2013] Available from : http://www.mariestopes.org.au/research/australia/australia-what-women-want-when-faced-with-an-unplanned-pregnancy-key-findings.
  7. Weisberg E, Bateson D, Read C, Estoesta J, Lee C. Fertility control? Middle-aged Australian women’s retrospective reports on their pregnancies. Aust NZ J Public Health 2008, 32(4):390-392.
  8. Australian Bureau of Statistics. National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples Health Survey 2005, Cat. No. 4704.0, Canberra; ABS:2005 [cited 4 September 2013] Available from : http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/allprimarymainfeatures/9956167BEC6E8495CA2574390014E8AE?opendocument .
  9. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Births, Australia, 2012. Cat. no. 3301.0. Canberra:ABS; 2013. [cited 2 November 2013] Available from: http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/DetailsPage/3301.02012?OpenDocument .
  10. Multicultural Centre for Women’s Health. Sexual and Reproductive Health Data Report. Melbourne: Multicultural Centre for Women’s Health:2010 [cited 2 November 2013] Available from: http://www.mcwh.com.au/resources/factsheet.php .
  11. Department of Health and Ageing. National Hepatitis B Strategy 2010-13. Canberra: Australia. Department of Health and Ageing, 2010 [cited 3 September 2013] Available from: http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/Content/ohp-national-strategies-2010-hepb/ .
  12. Better Health Channel. Disability and sexual issues. Melbourne: State Government of Victoria; 2011 [cited 6 November 2013] Available from: http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Disability_and_sexual_issues .
  13. Hillier L, Jones T, Monagle M, Overton N, Gahan L, Blackman J & Mitchell A. Writing themselves in 3: the third national study on the sexual health and wellbeing of same sex attracted and gender questioning young people. Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society: La Trobe University; 2010 [cited 18 September 2013]. Available from: http://www.glhv.org.au/node/657.
  14. McNair R, Dempsey D, Wise S, Perlesz A. Lesbian parenting: Issues, strengths and challenges. Family Matters. 2002; 63.
  15. Smith A, Agius P, Mitchell A, Berrett C & Pitts M. Secondary students and sexual health 2008: results of the 4th national survey of Australian secondary students, HIV/AIDS and sexual health. La Trobe University: Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society; 2009

Published: February 2014

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