Women’s Health Data: Women’s representation
Women’s representation is an important measurement of their status in society. Increasing the numbers of women in a range of key decision making spheres such as in politics and on company boards will mean women’s voices are heard and that women’s needs are considered.
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In 2010, Julia Gillard became Australian’s first female Prime Minister and the first female Australian Labor Party leader1.
Australia has been ranked at 43 out of 136 countries for political empowerment of women2.
Women comprise less than one-third of all parliamentarians in Australia and occupy less than one-quarter of all Cabinet positions1.
The number of women in the Senate reached its highest point after the 2010 Commonwealth election, while the number of women in the House of Representatives declined1.
Women in Victoria have more representation in the lower house of parliament at 33% than women nationally at 26%3.
In the 57th Parliament of Victoria there are 42 women members. 13 are Legislative Councillors, and 29 are Members of the Legislative Assembly. There are four women ministers in the Cabinet1.
EMILY’s List has supported 155 progressive Labor candidates in their election to State, Territory and Federal parliament across Australia4.
The proportion of women CEOs in top 200 ASX companies remained below 5% from 2003 to 20135.
In August 2010, 23% of Australian ambassadors and heads of diplomatic missions were women6.
The Order of Australia honours system began in 1975 to recognise those individuals who have made outstanding contribution to the nation or humanity. Twice as many men as women receive nominations and awards for the Order of Australia5.
The difference in nominations for national honours is greatest at the highest tiers of the honours system, where around three times as many men either receive the Companion of the Order (AC) or Officer of the Order (AO)5.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women
In 2013, Nova Peris was the first Indigenous woman to be elected to the Federal Parliament since Federation in 19017.
Indigenous women are under-represented in all state and territory parliaments1.
Victoria has never elected an Indigenous member of parliament1.
Women from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds
Women from CALD backgrounds continue to see limited professional advancement to senior levels with organisations, particularly corporate, even though diversity programs abound8.
Both public sector and private sector initiatives aimed at promoting leadership opportunities tend to promote their programs to mainstream women rather than women from culturally and linguistically diverse groups8.
Women with disabilities
- Victorian women with an intellectual disability are more likely to belong to a community action group (27%) than women in the general Victorian population (19%)9.
Same-sex attracted women
- Australia’s first openly gay cabinet minister10 is Senator Penny Wong who was first elected to the Federal Parliament in 20011 1.
- Senator Sarah Hanson-Young, elected to the Senate for South Australia in 2007 at the age of 25 is the youngest women to enter the Federal Parliament1.
- McCann J, Wilson J. Representation of women in Australian parliaments. Parliamentary Library [cited 10 July 2013] Available from: http://www.aph.gov.au/About_Parliament/Parliamentary_Departments/Parliamentary_Library/pubs/BN/2011-2012/Womeninparliament . ↩
- World Economic Forum, The Global Gender Gap Report 2013. Geneva, World Economic Forum, 2013 [cited 5 November 2013] Available from: http://www.weforum.org/issues/global-gender-gap. ↩
- COAG Reform Council. Tracking equity: Comparing outcomes for women and girls across Australia Report to the Council of Australian Governments21 October 2013. [cited 20 November 2013] Available from: http://www.coagreformcouncil.gov.au/reports/gender-equity/tracking-equity-comparing-outcomes-women-and-girls-across-australia. ↩
- EMILY’s List Australia. About us. Melbourne, 2013 [cited 3 December 2013] Available from: http://www.emilyslist.org.au/about-us. ↩
- Australian Bureau of Statistics. Gender Indicators, Australia, Jan 2013. Cat. no. 4125.0. Canberra: ABS; 2013 [cited 1 September 2013] Available from: http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/by%20Subject/4125.0~Jan%202013~Main%20Features~Welcome%20from%20the%20Director~2. ↩
- Australian Bureau of Statistics. Measures of Australia's Progress, 2010. Cat. no. 1370.0. Canberra: ABS; 2010 [cited 3 December 2013] Available from: http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/by%20Subject/1370.0~2010~Chapter~Women%20in%20leadership%20%284.6.5%29. ↩
- Australian Broadcasting Commission. Nova Peris elected as first Indigenous woman in Federal Parliament. [cited 3 December 2013] Available from: http://www.abc.net.au/news/2013-09-08/nova-peris-becomes-first-indigenous-woman-in-federal-parliament/4943820. ↩
- Federation of Ethnic Communities’ Councils of Australia. Promoting CALD Women’s Participation on Boards and Decision-Making Positions: Advancing the gender equality agenda for CALD women, Summary of final report June 2013 [cited 3 December 2013] Available from: http://www.fecca.org.au/images/Documents/cald_womens_leadership_project_summary_report.pdf. ↩
- Department of Health, Health of Victorian women with an intellectual disability. Melbourne: Department of Health; 2011 [cited 3 December 2013] Available from: http://www.health.vic.gov.au/healthstatus/survey/vphs-id.htm. ↩
- Farouque, Farah. Why, oh why can't I have a civil union?.The Age (Australia).10 June 2006 [cited 4 December 2013] Available from: http://www.theage.com.au/news/in-depth/why-oh-why-cant-i-have-a-civil-union/2006/06/09/1149815316575.html. ↩
Published: February 2014
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