Women’s Health Data: Education
Educational attainment is a predictive measure for future income and better economic conditions for women. Education impacts on employment and income opportunities, and provides the skills and knowledge necessary to improve health needs and access to appropriate service providers. In highlighting education as a determinant of health, the World Health Organization, identifies gender inequality as limiting women’s access to basic education and educational resources.
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Australia is ranked number one in the world for the educational attainment of women1.
62% of women and 60% of men aged 15 to 24 years participate in education2.
Of all people aged 15 to 64 years who are studying at a school, TAFE or higher education institute, 53% are female3.
Women comprise an even higher percentage of those in higher education (58% of students)4.
The career earnings of female graduates are 60% higher than the career earnings of women who finished school at Year 12, after taking out the costs of education and tax4.
84% of women with a higher education qualification are in the labour force, compared with 62% of women without a non-school qualification5
Girls are more likely than boys to complete Year 12 and go to university5
In senior high school, girls are more likely to enrol in humanities, languages other than English, home studies and arts, while boys are more likely to enrol in technical studies, physical education and science and computer studies5
Women comprise 21% of people aged 15 to 64 years who are employed as apprentices or trainees as part of the Australian Apprenticeship Scheme5
The most popular apprenticeships/traineeships for women are ‘Technicians and trades workers’ (31%), ‘Community and personal service workers’ (26%) and ‘Clerical and administrative workers’ 23%6
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women
- Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women compare poorly with non-Aboriginal women across all levels of qualification attainment. 18% of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women complete Year 12 or equivalent, compared to 38% of all women7
Women from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds
Almost two thirds (65%) of recent migrants have obtained a non-school qualification before arrival in Australia. Of these, 67% have obtained a Bachelor degree or higher, 18% have btained an Advanced diploma or Diploma and 12% have a Certificate level qualification8.
Graduates from a non-English speaking background take longer to find full-time employment compared with graduates from an English speaking background9.
Women with disabilities
- Graduates who identified as having a disability take longer to find full-time employment compared with other graduates9.
Same-sex attracted women
Over one third of same-sex attracted young people surveyed describe their school as homophobic12.
School bullying and homophobia are major obstacles for young same-sex attracted people10, and many have a disrupted school career because of homophobic abuse13.
40% of same-sex attracted young women report being abused at school. Abuse includes: damage to clothes and possessions, rape, and injuries requiring hospitalisation13..
- World Economic Forum, The Global Gender Gap Report 2013. Geneva, World Economic Forum, 2013 [cited 5 November 2013] Available from: http://www.weforum.org/issues/global-gender-gap. ↩
- Australian Bureau of Statistics, Gender Indicators, Australia, Jan 2013. Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics; 2013. - (Cat. No. 4125.0) [cited 11 September 2013] Available from: http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/by%20Subject/4125.0~Jan%202013~Main%20Features~Contents~1. ↩
- Australian Bureau of Statistics. Education and Work, Australia, May 2012. Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics; 2012. – (Cat. No. 6227.0) [cited 9 October 2013] Available from: http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/Lookup/6227.0Main+Features1May%202012?OpenDocument. ↩
- Norton A. Mapping Australian higher education, 2013 version. Carlton, Vic: Grattan Institute; 2013 [cited 9 October 2013] Available from: http://grattan.edu.au/publications/reports/post/mapping-australian-higher-education-2013/. ↩
- Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australian Social Trends 2006: Boy’s schooling. Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics; 2006. – (Cat. No. 4102.0) [cited 5 November 2013] Available from: http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/DetailsPage/4102.02006?OpenDocument. ↩
- Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australian Social Trends, Sep 2012, Education differences between men and women. Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics; 2012. - (Cat. no. 4120.0) [cited 5 November 2013] Available from: http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/Lookup/4102.0Main+Features20Sep+2012#INTRODUCTION. ↩
- Australian Bureau of Statistics. Labour Force Characteristics of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, Estimates from the Labour Force Survey, 2011. Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics; 2012. – (Cat. No. 6287) [cited 5 November 2013] Available from: http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/6287.0/. ↩
- Australian Bureau of Statistics. Characteristics of Recent Migrants, Australia, Nov 2010. Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics; 2011. – (Cat. no. 6250.0) [cited 5 November 2013] Available from: http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Products/6250.0~Nov+2010~Main+Features~Education?OpenDocument. ↩
- Graduate Careers Australia. GradStats 2012: employment and salary outcomes for recent higher education graduates. Melbourne: Graduate Careers Australia; 2013. [cited 5 November 2013] Available from: http://www.graduatecareers.com.au/research/researchreports/gradstats/. ↩
- Dyson S, Mitchell A, Smith A, Dowsett G, Pitts M, Hillier L. Don’t ask, don’t tell: hidden in the crowd: the need for documenting links between sexuality and suicidal behaviours among young people. Melbourne: Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society; 2003 [cited 5 November 2013] Available from: http://www.glhv.org.au/node/280. ↩
- Pitts M, Smith A, Mitchell A, Patel S. Private lives: a report on the health and wellbeing of GLBTI Australians. Melbourne: Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society; 2007. [cited 5 November 2013] Available from: http://www.glhv.org.au/node/412. ↩
- Hillier L, Jones T, Monagle M, Overton N, Gahan L, Blackman J, et al. Writing themselves in 3: the third national study on the sexual health and wellbeing of same sex attracted and gender questioning young people. Melbourne: Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society; 2010. [cited 5 November 2013] Available from: http://www.glhv.org.au/node/657. ↩
- Hillier L, Turner A, Mitchell A. Writing themselves in again: 6 years on. Melbourne: Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society; 2005 [cited 5 November 2013] Available from: http://www.glhv.org.au/node/69. ↩
Published: February 2014
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